As we know, the Republic of China 中華民國 was established on January 1st, 1912 when the Nationalists (technically what became the Nationalists) overthrew the Qing Dynasty. Dr. Sun Yat-sen assumed the role of the President of the Provisional Republican Government of China in the same month. As the year 2011 marks the 100th year of establishment of the Republic of China (ROC) 中華民國 (NOT to be confused with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) 中華人民共和國, read Taiwan the Complicated), now ruling over the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu (and some small islands in the South China Sea), we people of Taiwan would like to invite everyone to join us in the Centenary Celebration of the Republic of China.
But what led to the establishment of ROC? One of the most significant events in Chinese history would be the Wuchang Uprising 武昌起義 of October 10, 1911, which started the Xinhai Revolution 辛亥革命 that ultimately led to the collapse of the Qing Dynastry and the establishment of ROC. Though the uprising broke out by accident, its impact was not any less important. Upon the establishment of the republic, the day the uprising happened, October 10, was made the National Day of the ROC, also widely known as the Double Ten Day 雙十節, and is one of the most important national holidays in Taiwan.
As the Double Ten Day of 2010 marks the 99th anniversary of the uprising, and prepare the people for an entire year of celebration for the centenary celebration of establishment, special celebration is in planning. Other than the usual ROC flag-rising in front of the Presidential Building in Taipei City followed by the singing of the national anthem and fireworks at night, the ROC government invites all to attend a parade to be held in the afternoon (from 2 pm to 6 pm) of October 10, 2010. The parade will start at the National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, past through Renai Road, and end at the National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall. Traditional cultural display, performances, and marching band will all be in attendance.