The most convenient way to get to Taiwan is by plane. Most international flights arrive and depart from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (TPE, in Taoyuan, but usually labeled as Taipei by airlines). Currently there are five other airports operating regular international flights in Taiwan, to destinations in Asia: Taipei International Airport (TSA, in downtown Taipei, also known as Songshan Airport), Taichung Airport (RMQ), Tainan Airport (TNN), Kaohsiung International Airport (KHH), and Hualien Airport (HUN).
The largest and busiest of all airports in Taiwan is the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Formerly known as the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport 中正國際機場 or CKS International Airport, Taoyuan Airport is one of two airports that serve the capital, Taipei, and the rest of northern Taiwan. Before its opening in 1979, all international flights to Taipei were handled by Taipei (Songshan) Airport. However, as TSA became overcrowded and could not be expanded due to limited space in its location near downtown Taipei, a new airport–Taoyuan International Airport–was planned and built and now serves as the main international gateway of Taiwan.
If you are flying to Taiwan, to Taipei (TPE), your plane will arrive at Taoyuan Airport, 40 km away from downtown Taipei City. Currently TSA only serves international destinations to the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Japan, and South Korea.
Taiwan’s international air carriers include: China Airlines 中華航空 (CI), EVA Airways 長榮航空 (BR), Far Eastern Air Transport 遠東航空 (FE), Mandarin Airlines 華信航空 (AE), Tigerair Taiwan 台灣虎航 (IT), and UNI Airways 立榮航空 (B7).
Note: China Airlines 中華航空 is Taiwan’s flag carrier, and should NOT be confused with Air China 中國國際航空 (CA), PRC’s flag carrier.
Mandarin Airlines and Tigerair Taiwan are subsidiaries of China Airlines. UNI Airways is a subsidiary of EVA Airways.
Below are air carriers that operate direct (unless noted with via [insert city]) scheduled flights to Taiwan. There are currently no direct flights from Africa and South America to Taiwan.
Asia & Oceania
From China (PRC) (most major cities):
Air China, China Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, EVA Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Hainan Airlines, Juneyao Airlines, Mandarin Airlines, Shangdong Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Sichuan Airlines, Spring Airlines, Tigerair Taiwan, UNI Airways, Xiamen Airlines
From India (Delhi):
From Japan (most major cities):
AirAsia, All Nippon Airways, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EVA Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Japan Airlines, Jetstar Asia Airways, Mandarin Airlines, Peach Aviation, Philippine Airlines, Scoot, Tigerair Taiwan, Vanilla Air
From Korea (Busan, Cheongju, Daegu, Jeju, Seoul-Incheon, Seoul-Gimpo):
Air Busan, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EastarJet, EVA Airways, Jeju Air, Jin Air, Korean Air, Mandarin Airlines, Scoot, T’way Airlines, Thai Airways International, Tigerair Taiwan, UNI Airways
From New Zealand (Auckland, Christchurch):
China Airlines (via Australia)
From the United Arab Emirates (Dubai):
From Vietnam (Đà Nẵng, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City):
China Airlines, EVA Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Jetstar Pacific Airlines, Mandarin Airlines, UNI Airways, VietJet Air, Vanilla Air, Vietnam Airlines
From Germany (Frankfurt):
From Italy (Rome-Fiumicino):
From Turkey (Istanbul):
Air France, China Airlines (and Mandarin Airlines, hub), China Eastern Airlines (and Shanghai Airlines), China Southern Airlines, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Korean Air, Vietnam Airlines, Xiamen Airlines
Air Canada, Air China, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines (and Air Busan), EVA Airways (and UNI Airways, hub), Shenzhen Airlines, Singapore Airlines (and Scoot), Thai Airways International, Turkish Airlines, United Airlines