The most convenient way to get to Taiwan is by plane. Most international flights arrive and depart from Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (TPE, in Taoyuan, but usually labeled as Taipei by airlines). Currently there are five other airports operating regular international flights in Taiwan, to destinations in Asia: Taipei International Airport (TSA, in downtown Taipei, also known as Songshan Airport), Taichung Airport (RMQ), Tainan Airport (TNN), Kaohsiung International Airport (KHH), and Hualien Airport (HUN).
The largest and busiest of all airports in Taiwan is the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Formerly known as the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport 中正國際機場 or CKS International Airport, Taoyuan Airport is one of two airports that serve the capital, Taipei, and the rest of northern Taiwan. Before its opening in 1979, all international flights to Taipei were handled by Taipei (Songshan) Airport. However, as TSA became overcrowded and could not be expanded due to limited space in its location near downtown Taipei, a new airport–Taoyuan International Airport–was planned and built and now serves as the main international gateway of Taiwan.
If you are flying to Taiwan, to Taipei (TPE), your plane will arrive at Taoyuan Airport, 40 km away from downtown Taipei City. Currently TSA only serves international destinations to the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Japan, and South Korea. Taoyuan International Airport is the main international hub for China Airlines 中華航空, a member of SkyTeam, and EVA Airways 長榮航空, a member of Star Alliance.
Note: China Airlines 中華航空 is Taiwan’s flag carrier, and should NOT be confused with Air China 中國國際航空, PRC’s flag carrier.
Taiwan’s international air carriers include: China Airlines 中華航空 (CI), EVA Airways 長榮航空 (BR), Far Eastern Air Transport 遠東航空 (FE), Mandarin Airlines 華信航空 (AE), Tigerair Taiwan 台灣虎航 (IT), and UNI Airways 立榮航空 (B7).
Mandarin Airlines and Tigerair Taiwan are subsidiaries of China Airlines. UNI Airways is a subsidiary of EVA Airways.
Below we list the air carriers that operate direct (unless noted with via [insert city]) scheduled flights to Taiwan from different countries and territories. There are no direct flights from Africa and South America to Taiwan.
Asia & Oceania
From China (PRC) (most major cities):
Air China, China Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, EVA Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Hainan Airlines, Juneyao Airlines, Mandarin Airlines, Shangdong Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Sichuan Airlines, Spring Airlines, UNI Airways, Xiamen Airlines
From India (Delhi):
From Japan (most major cities):
AirAsia (resumes 2 June 2017), All Nippon Airways, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EVA Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Japan Airlines, Jetstar Asia Airways, Mandarin Airlines, Peach Aviation, Philippine Airlines, Scoot, Tigerair Taiwan, Vanilla Air
From Korea (Busan, Cheongju, Daegu, Jeju, Seoul-Incheon, Seoul-Gimpo):
Air Busan, Asiana Airlines, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, EastarJet, EVA Airways, Jeju Air, Jin Air, Korean Air, Mandarin Airlines, Scoot, T’way Airlines, Thai Airways International, Tigerair Taiwan, UNI Airways
From New Zealand (Auckland, Christchurch):
China Airlines (via Australia)
From the Philippines (Boracay-Kalibo, Cebu, Clark, Manila):
AirAsia, Cebu Pacific, China Airlines, Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Spirit of Manila Airlines, Zest Airways
From Turkey (Istanbul):
From the United Arab Emirates (Dubai):
From Vietnam (Đà Nẵng, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City):
China Airlines, EVA Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Jetstar Pacific Airlines, Mandarin Airlines, UNI Airways, VietJet Air, Vanilla Air, Vietnam Airlines
From France (Paris-Charles de Gaulle):
From Germany (Frankfurt):
From Italy (Rome-Fiumicino):
From the United States (Chicago, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, New York-JFK, San Francisco, Seattle-Tacoma):
China Airlines, EVA Airways, United Airlines
Delta Air Lines is terminating all service (i.e. from Tokyo-Narita) to Taiwan on May 25, 2017. Passengers can still connect Delta flights with code-share China Airlines or Korean Air flights to travel from the U.S. to Taiwan.