Taiwan’s foreign ministry today announced that it has terminated diplomatic relations with the Republic of Panama, after the Panamanian President Juan Carlos Varela announced the decision to recognize the People’s Republic of China in a televised address. Panamanian vice-president and foreign minister and Chinese foreign minister formalized the relationship in Beijing shortly before the address.
The great obfuscation of one-China published by The Economist is an excellent, though introductory, read on the Taiwan-China-U.S. relations. Some key points from the article:
China itself does not actually have a one-China policy. It has what it calls a one-China principle, which is that there is only one China, with its government in Beijing.
America does not accept the one-China principle. Instead it has the one-China policy, which acknowledges that China has such a principle—not quite the same thing. America does not recognise Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan, nor does it recognise Taiwan as an independent state.
In Taiwan itself the one-China formula has an even stranger history. It is rooted in the fiction that the island’s first president, Chiang Kai-shek, who fled there in 1949 after losing a civil war to Mao Zedong’s communists, would one day recapture the whole of China.
Among [the proportion of] people [on the island] between 20 and 30, 85% say they are Taiwanese.
The simple and natural solution is to admit there are two Chinas.
A more detailed analysis on the historical progression of “one China”: The “one China” of the U.S. is not the same as the “one China” of China (in Chinese).
This question, along with “are Taiwanese people Chinese?”, is easy to ask, but takes a while to answer. Taiwan is an country of mostly immigrants. The original inhabitants of Formosa island today only accounts for less than 3% of the population. Similar to the United States, where while everyone is an American, most people can trace their ancestry to somewhere else. Here we use the word Taiwanese as a term for the nationality, i.e. people born and live in Taiwan and/or Taiwanese citizens. Much like trying to explain Taiwan’s political status, answering the question requires one to understand Taiwan’s history of immigration and population composition.
Note: It is strongly recommended that you read The Basics and Taiwan the Complicated before reading this article, especially Taiwan the Complicated, which provides a lot of information that this article builds upon. It will be less confusing to first read the mentioned writings before reading this one.
Just for a brief review, the Republic of China 中華民國 (ROC) currently controls Taiwan, and the People’s Republic of China 中華人民共和國 (PRC) has NEVER controlled Taiwan. Never.
Now this is just confusing, they are both “China”, aren’t they?
I totally agree that for an English speaker, or frankly a speaker of any languages, the above statement is not only confusing, but also contradicting. Because if you really don’t know the difference between ROC and PRC and then simplify the sentence a bit, it will say “China currently controls Taiwan, but China has never controlled Taiwan,” or even “Taiwan is a part of China, but Taiwan is not a part of China.” I tried as hard as I can to differentiate the ROC and PRC to the clearest way possible in this blog, but that doesn’t mean it’s any less confusing. Let’s face it, not everyone really takes the time to figure out the difference between the two. Others have suggested using Nationalist China for ROC, and Communist China for PRC, but they are still both “Chinas”.
The UN General Assembly Resolution 2758 that recognized the PRC as the only lawful representative of China to the UN and expelled Taiwan (technically the “delegation of Chiang Kai-shek” was expelled) out of the UN did not actually stated what territories the “China” mentioned includes. But because of this resolution, Taiwan could not rejoin the UN, at least not under its formal country name, the Republic of China, because there already is a representative in the UN that represents “China”. Now whether Taiwan can join the UN to represent “Taiwan” is a whole other can of worms. Continue reading “Taiwan and “China””
This is an article written by a Taiwanese, targeted towards people of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) 中華人民共和國 (please bear this in mind as you read through the article), and it strives to let everyone understand why we Taiwanese don’t identify with “Chinese” or don’t want to be associated with the Chinese identity. I thought the article, despite its daunting length, is fair in many perspectives, and is very helpful in explaining the relationship between Taiwan and China and how Taiwanese people feel about China, not just in the political context. So here I translated the Chinese version into English. If you find any mistakes, feel like some part could be translated better, or are confused about something, feel free to leave a comment. The original text in Chinese does not contain any external links, I added them here because not everyone is familiar with all the event and incidents mentioned in the article. View original Chinese text.
Additional reading: Do Taiwanese people feel Chinese?
Just to clarify some of the abbreviations and terms used in this translation:
PRC = People’s Republic of China 中華人民共和國, Mainlanders = citizens of PRC
ROC = Republic of China 中華民國, people of Taiwan = citizens of ROC
(For more information on the differences between PRC and ROC, please read Taiwan the Complicated.)
Written by Keng-Wei Chang 張耕維 Edited by Ko-Ching Chiang 蔣可竟
“Why is it that whenever we are interacting with Taiwanese people, we always feel like they don’t think they are Chinese?”
“Why do Taiwanese people get angry when we say that they are also Chinese?”
“Why do Taiwanese people dislike China so much?”
These are probably the most common reactions mainland Chinese people have when they interact with someone from Taiwan, and they are always confused: why don’t Taiwanese think they are also Chinese? This is different from what they learned in school, where it is written in the textbooks that “we [Chinese] are connected to our Taiwanese brothers and sisters by blood.” Why is it that people of Taiwan don’t identify with “China” NOW, even though just two decades ago most Taiwanese still considered themselves to be Chinese? This article will try to explain the reasons of the dramatic change occurred to the identity of Taiwanese people. However, it is important to recognize the important yet confusing concept of that this change in identity is not the same as supporting the so-called “Taiwan Independence“, they are two completely separate issues. Continue reading “Why don’t people of Taiwan identify with “China” NOW? — Taiwanese Perspective”